The phonics approach teaches children to decode words by sounds, rather than recognising whole words. The emphasis on early years teaching is on synthetic phonics, in which words are broken up into the smallest units of sound (phonemes).
Pupils are taught the letters (graphemes) that represent the phonemes and also learn to blend them into words. So, at its most basic, children are taught to read the letters in a word like c-a-t, and then merge them to pronounce the word cat.
We follow the 'Letters & Sounds' government document and pupils in school work between phases 1 - 6 depending on their individual needs. We use age / level appropriate 'Jolly Phonics' alongside songs and games to support their learning.